Building resilient health systems starts with human resources for health. The demand for health workers is rapidly growing with increased income, the increasing pace of medical advances and with the urgent need to correct severe imbalances between and within countries in the availability of health care workforce. Yet, supply does not match demand in an increasingly globalized health labour market. The global shortage fuels the global mobility of health professionals. The G7 and the international community must address the challenges of expanding labor supply as well as financing and regulating health labor markets.